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Ecotourism Destinations

Ecotourism

Explore some of the world’s finest rainforests, rich in biodiversity. Take a guided walk through dense jungle or along well-marked tracks; canoe down rivers and get up close to unique wildlife, adsorb the pristine scenery of plants and flowers and take home some unforgettable memories.

1) Mamirauá Reserve, The Amazon Basin, Brazil

Discover the Amazon Basin, an area of more than 6 million sq km, home to one-third of all known living species on earth and the largest rainforest in the world. The Amazon River alone stretches more than 6000km, from Brazil into Peru. Sixty per cent of the Amazon Basin is in Brazil, while the rest is spread among nine other South American countries. Read more....

2) Khao Sok National Park, Thailand

The rainforest at Khao Sok covers an area of 739 km2 and at 160 million years old is thought to be the oldest rainforest on earth. Together with the two contiguous wildlife sanctuaries of Klong Saen and Klong Nakkha and the adjacent national park of Kaeng Kung, Khao Sok is one of the largest protected areas in southern Thailand and one of Asia's last viable habitats for tigers and other large mammals. Carpeted in lush tropical evergreen forests, Khao Sok straddles the central mountain range of the Thai-Malay peninsula midway between Phuket Island and Koh Samui. Read more....

3) Manu National Rainforest, Peru

Although the Peruvian Amazon amounts to only 10 per cent of the total Amazon Basin, it represents some the wildest, most wildlife-packed rainforest in the world. Some botanists claim that Manu has more plant species than any other protected area on the earth. This UNESCO World Heritage Park covers almost 20,000 sq km of the Amazon Basin and is renowned for one of the widest varieties of animals in the world: it is home to 1000 species of birds, more than 200 species of mammals, 13 species of monkey, a great variety of butterflies and 15,000 species of flowering plants. The bird species found in Manu represent 25% of all the birds known in South America and 15 per cent of all the species in the world. On the way to Manu you can also discover a cloud forest of swirling mist and cloud, with evergreen trees, festooned with mosses, lichens, bromeliads and other epiphytes. Read more....

4) Monteverde Cloud Forest, Costa Rica

With its unique cloud canopy, Costa Rica's Monteverde Biological Reserve is one of the most stunning and breathtaking nature reserves in the world, with a forest full of diverse bird, plant and insect life. At a higher altitude and with cooler temperatures than a traditional rainforest, Monteverde covers an area of 220km2 and at 2286m above sea level hosts an enormous amount of flora and fauna. Discover an estimated 2500 species of plants, some 490 species of butterflies, 100 species of mammals including howler monkeys and jaguars, and more than 400 species of birds, including the emerald-green Quetzal, a rare bird that often hides among the towering strangler fig trees and is best seen in the early morning between January and May. Read more....

  5) Great Bear Rainforest, British Columbia, Canada

Discover one of the world's best places to observe grizzly (brown) bears in a 1.8 million hectare temperate coastal rainforest located on Canada's Pacific Coast. The Great Bear Rainforest is home to hundreds of animal species, including kermode and grizzly bears, cougars and wolves. Look out for bald eagles, 1000-year-old remnants of Native Indians who once lived here, as well as 61m-tall red cedar and spruce trees. Read more....

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